Bhutan & Bhutanese Refugees

Bhutan and the Bhutanese refugees

Open access publications

(ed. with Michael Aris) Bhutan: Aspects of Culture and Development. Gartmore: Kiscadale Publications, 1994.

‘Bhutan in 1995: weathering the storm’ Asian Survey 36.2 (1996): 204-8.

‘Bhutan in 1996: continuing stress’ Asian Survey 37.2 (1997): 155-9.

‘Unadmitted histories: the lives of Dalchan and Garjaman Gurung’ European Bulletin of Himalayan Research 19 (2000): 101-15.

‘Still unbecoming citizens’ The Nepali Times 147 (30 May 2003)

‘The Bhutanese refugees: between verification, repatriation and royal realpolitik’ Journal of Peace and Democracy in South Asia 1.1 (2005):44-55.

‘Nepal and Bhutan in 2004. Two kings, two futures’ Asian Survey 45.1 (2005): 83-7.

‘Nepal and Bhutan in 2005.  Monarchy and democracy: can they co-exist?’ Asian Survey 46.1 (2006): 120-4.

ed., The Bhutanese Refugee Resettlement Experience.  European Bulletin of Himalayan Research special issue, vol. 43, 2013.


Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan.  New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Publisher’s order page

access via Oxford Scholarship Online

Reviewed by Bhim Subba



Other articles and book chapters

‘Bhutan: refugees from Shangri-la’ Index on Censorship 22.4 (1993): 9-14.

(ed.) Bhutan: Perspectives on Conflict and Dissent. Gartmore: Kiscadale Publications, 1994.

‘Bhutan’s crisis of identity’ in The 1994 World Book Year Book. London etc.: World Book Inc., 1994, pp. 64-70.

‘Ethnic nationalism, refugees and Bhutan’ Journal of Refugee Studies 9.4 (1996): 397-420.

‘Bhutan: geopolitics, migration, nationalism’ in Bhutan: A Fortress at the Edge of Time? Vienna: Austrian Development Cooperation and Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights, 1999, pp. 72-83.

‘Sociocultural and political change in Bhutan since the 1980s: reflections from a distance’ in Development Challenges in Bhutan: Perspectives on Inequality and Gross National Happiness, edited by Johannes Dragsbæk Schmidt. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International, 2017, pp 19-27.